# Compare of ACCRINT & YIELD Functions – When to Use Each one

Microsoft Excel provides several functions for calculating the financial performance of investments and loans, including the ACCRINT function and the YIELD function. While both functions are useful for calculating financial metrics, they are designed for different purposes and provide different types of information. In this blog, we will compare the ACCRINT function with the YIELD function and explain when to use each one.

### ACCRINT Function

The ACCRINT function in Microsoft Excel is used to calculate the accrued interest on a financial instrument, such as a bond or loan. It requires several inputs, including the issue date, first interest payment date, settlement date, coupon rate, face value, and frequency of interest payments. The function calculates the interest that has been earned but not yet paid, which is known as accrued interest.

For example, suppose an investor purchases a bond with a face value of \$10,000 and an annual coupon rate of 5%. The bond pays interest semi-annually, and the investor purchases the bond on June 30th, with the next interest payment due on December 31st. Using the ACCRINT function, we can calculate the accrued interest on this bond investment as of December 31st, 2023.

=ACCRINT(“6/30/2023″,”12/31/2023″,”6/30/2023”,0.05,10000,2)

The function returns a value of \$250, which represents the accrued interest earned by the investor from June 30th, 2023 to December 31st, 2023.

### YIELD Function

The YIELD function in Microsoft Excel is used to calculate the yield of a financial instrument, such as a bond or loan, based on its price, coupon rate, maturity date, and other factors. It requires several inputs, including the settlement date, maturity date, coupon rate, price, redemption value, and frequency of interest payments. The function calculates the yield to maturity, which is the expected rate of return on the investment.

For example, suppose an investor purchases a bond with a face value of \$10,000, a coupon rate of 5%, and a maturity date of June 30th, 2025. The bond pays interest semi-annually, and the investor purchases the bond on June 30th, 2023, for a price of \$9,500. Using the YIELD function, we can calculate the yield to maturity on this bond investment.

=YIELD(“6/30/2023″,”6/30/2025”,0.05,9500,10000,2)

The function returns a value of 5.98%, which represents the expected rate of return on the investment.

### Comparison of ACCRINT and YIELD Function

While both the ACCRINT function and the YIELD function are used for calculating financial metrics, they are designed for different purposes. The ACCRINT function calculates the accrued interest on a financial instrument, while the YIELD function calculates the expected rate of return on the investment. The ACCRINT function is useful for tracking the performance of a financial instrument and for tax reporting purposes, while the YIELD function is useful for making investment decisions and comparing the expected returns of different investments.

Furthermore, the ACCRINT function requires fewer inputs than the YIELD function and is therefore easier to use for calculating accrued interest. The YIELD function requires several additional inputs, such as the redemption value and the yield basis, which can make it more complex to use.

In summary, the ACCRINT function and the YIELD function in Microsoft Excel are both useful for calculating financial metrics, but they are designed for different purposes. The ACCRINT function calculates accrued interest on a financial instrument, while the YIELD function calculates the expected rate of return on the investment. It is

### FAQs on comparison between the ACCRINT and YIELD functions in Microsoft Excel

What is the difference between the ACCRINT function and the YIELD function in Excel?

The ACCRINT function calculates the accrued interest on a financial instrument, such as a bond or loan, while the YIELD function calculates the expected rate of return on the investment based on its price, coupon rate, maturity date, and other factors.

Which function requires more inputs, ACCRINT or YIELD?

The YIELD function requires more inputs than the ACCRINT function. In addition to the issue date, first interest payment date, settlement date, coupon rate, face value, and frequency of interest payments, it requires redemption value, yield basis, and other factors.

Can I use both functions for the same financial instrument?

Yes, you can use both the ACCRINT function and the YIELD function for the same financial instrument, as they provide different types of information. The ACCRINT function calculates the accrued interest earned but not yet paid, while the YIELD function calculates the expected rate of return on the investment. 